Web technology is the establishment and use of mechanisms that make it possible for different computers and devices to communicate and share resources. Web technologies are infrastructural building blocks of any effective computer network.

Web Technology

Web technologies are infrastructural building blocks of any effective computer network: local area network, metropolitan area network or a wide area network, such as the Internet. Communication on a computer could never be as effective as they are without the plethora of Web technologies in existence.

Communication Between Computers and Devices
Computers and other network devices need to communicate. A mechanism must make it possible for a computer to communicate with another computer on the same network or another network. The mechanism must ensure that a message moves from the sender to the recipient, enabling the receiver to retrieve the message, send feedback and acknowledge reception or failure of communication.

Markup Languages
Markup languages like HTML, CSS and XML are part of Web technology. These languages tell computers in text how to format, layout and style Web pages and programs. Two types of markup languages include procedural markup and descriptive markup. Additional types of languages include CGI and HTTP.

Programming Languages
Programming languages include Perl, C#, Java and Visual Basic .NET. These languages are used by Web developers to create websites and applications. Each language has pros and cons, and most developers know several different types to help them achieve their goals.

Web Servers
Web servers are comprised of two components, the hardware and software. The hardware includes HTML documents and other data. The software servers include the HTTP server, which is used to communicate between the computer and the Web server. There are two types of Web servers, which are static and dynamic servers.

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Websites require a database management system, usually referred to as a database. Databases are used as a vault for Web server data. There are several different types of databases available, like MySQL, Microsoft Access and Oracle. The most popular types of data are JSON, XML and CSV. All of these different types of data store data in different ways

Business Applications
A variety of Web technology is vital to the function and success of many businesses. These include online appointment scheduling programs, websites and a way for customers to chat with representatives. Also, Web technology makes it possible for businesses to collect data on their customers to further customize their services.

Different Sides of Web Technology
There are client sides to applications and, conversely, there is the server side. The client side is what most people see when they use technology on a day-to-day basis. This includes whatever you see on your computer, laptop or tablet when using the Internet or various applications. The server side is what is happening behind the scenes, and it’s where all of the coding for the site or application is stored. Similarly, people see the front end of all of the Web technology, which shapes the way websites and applications look. The back end is made up of databases and various processes that are only known to the developer and business.