Responsive Or Adaptive Web Design: Which One Is Better?

This argument of responsive versus adaptive web design is ongoing. Each type of web design has its pros and cons and neither one is better than the other, they’re just different. So, what is responsive and adaptive web design?

Adaptive Web

Both responsive and adaptive sites are the same in that they both change appearance based on the browser environment they are being viewed on. They both adjust based on the browser’s

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However, responsive websites respond to the size of the browser window at any given point.
This means that no matter what the browser’s width, the site adjusts its layout and functionality in a way that is optimized for the screen. Whether the browser is 300 pixels or 3000 pixels wide, in responsive web design the layout will respond accordingly.

Adaptive web design supports the creation of multiple versions of a web page to better fit the user’s device, as opposed to a single version that other web design techniques used.  Adaptive
websites adjust to the width of the browser at specific points. This means that the website is only concerned about the browser being a specific width, at which point it adapts the display of the website to the appropriate device/browser layout. Conversely, responsive web design is fluid and adapts to the size of the screen, no matter
what the target device. Responsive web design uses CSS Media Queries to change the layout style based on the target device characteristics.CSS styles sheets include
display type, width, height, and so on. Only one of these is necessary for the site to adapt to different screens.

Adaptive web design, on the other hand, uses static, pre-defined layouts that don’t respond once they are initially loaded. Adaptive web design works to detect the screen size and load the
appropriate layout for it. Typically, you would design an adaptive website for six common screen widths: 320, 480, 760, 960, 1200, and 1600.

So, when should you use adaptive and when should you use responsive web design? If you already have an existing site and need to retrofit it to make it mobile-friendly, you would typically use adaptive web design. This lets you take control of the design, and lets you develop for specific, multiple views specific to the device. You can design for your choice of the number of web views, depending on you, your company, and your overall budget. Adaptive web design offers you a certain amount of added control over content and layout that you may not have with responsive web design. Adaptive web design typically designs a site for the lowest resolution and then works its way up. You can also design an adaptive site from scratch.


Responsive web design, however, is much more popular today than adaptive web design.
Responsive web design does not offer as much layout control as adaptive web design but it is easier to both build and maintain. Responsive layouts are also fluid, and while adaptive layouts use percentages to give a more fluid feeling when scaling, these can cause a jump when the window is resized. Responsive websites in some ways are harder to make. With Responsive Web The design you are designing for all layouts and so, this makes the process more complex.
Responsive Web Design They require greater attention to the site’s CSS and organization to ensure that it functions well at any possible size.

Responsive web design enables for the website to work smoothly, whereas adaptive web design causes the website to snap into place. Also, adaptive web design is less flexible. This is because adaptive web design only works on as many screens as your adaptive layouts are
enabled to support. Besides this, responsive websites load faster, because while an adaptive website needs to load all possible layouts, responsive websites only need to load the one that works across all platforms.

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So, which one is better? The answer is: It depends. Responsive web design is almost
always a safer option to go with for your site. If functions well regardless of the screen size and has short loading times. Adaptive web design, however, works well for newer, smaller
websites that are just starting out and need to preserve their resources. An adaptive site is easier to create and the smaller size and audience often mitigate the slower load times and lower flexibility.

At LSN, we specialize in building both responsive and adaptive websites, depending on your business need. We work closely with your team to understand your needs and
goals associated with building your website. We create fast, interactive, and secure websites using the latest web technologies and web design techniques.

So, if you want to build a website for your business that will be effective and is tailored to specific business needs, LSN for an initial free consultation.

Five Reasons Why Candidate Care is So Important

Candidate Care As recruiters, looking after our candidates is a vital part of our everyday role. After all, if our candidates aren’t happy, we haven’t done our job! It’s imperative to maintain close relationships with them and inform them of any updates in their job search.

Candidate Care

You should also aim to accommodate their individual aspirations and personalities when putting them forward for roles. We’ve put together five reasons why you should prioritize candidate care on a daily basis.

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1. Developing Trust

By going out of your way to finding opportunities to talk to your candidates or meet them face-to-face, you’ll immediately foster a relationship of trust. This is particularly important at the moment, given the UK’s low unemployment rate and candidate-short market.

At Tiger, we meet with every candidate in person before sending them to our clients. This also allows us to get to know them properly, ensuring we find the right fit for them. Face time at networking events or interview workshops also allows candidates to check-in and have a conversation with consultants, again cementing trust in the consultant and agency.

2. Improving Communication

Once registered, staying in regular contact with your candidates ensures that you stay up-to-date with their details and any changes to their situation. It’s also a good opportunity to inform them of any new roles they may want to apply for.

A candidate’s job search criteria may change throughout the process, so maintaining regular contact ensures you’re only ever sending relevant jobs to them which will keep them engaged with you and your agency.

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3. Optimizing Interview Outcomes

For many candidates, interviewing can represent a daunting part of the process! By staying close to them, ready to allay their fears, their stress levels will be alleviated and they’ll stand a much better chance of succeeding.

Prep candidates as much as possible before interviews; tell them who they’ll meet, what to wear and what to expect from the experience. Following the interview, offer detailed feedback so that they can improve their interview technique and have a better chance of succeeding next time. This is key to them becoming a strong and desirable candidate.

4. They Become Your client

Every candidate could one day become a client! If this happens, they’ll remember the agencies that went above and beyond to take care of them. So, treat every candidate equally: you never know where they’ll end up. Equally, treating a candidate well will encourage them to share your agency’s details with potential new clients.

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5. The Placement will Stick

Once a candidate has been placed, stay in touch with them! Make sure they’re happy with preparations in the run-up to their start date and are excited to start their new role. If you’re on hand to answer any questions, the placement is that much more likely to run smoothly.

Once they’ve started, it’s always worth checking in to see how they’re settling in. This way, you’ll be the first to know if there are any doubts; together, you may be able to work towards a solution and ensure a successful placement in the long-term.

Ultimately, candidate care is one of the most important aspects of a recruiter’s job description: every element of our role revolves around treating our candidates well to ensure long-term placements.

10 Second Interview Questions to Ask Employers

Interview Questions You’ve survived applying for the job and round one of the interviews. By the end of the round two interviews, you’ve answered all the tough questions without breaking a sweat. Now, you’re at the end of the second interview and you’re in the driver’s seat. What questions are you going to ask the employer?

Interview Questions

As much as you might like to turn the tables a little (what are your strengths and weaknesses?), that’s probably not the way to go. This is your chance to find out everything you need to know about the job. Don’t squander this opportunity! Take advantage of it.

Questions You Should Ask Employers in Your Second Interview

Even if you had all of your questions answered in the first interview, have a few questions ready to go. A second interview is your chance to ask more in-depth questions about the job, the company, and your potential new boss. And, it’s another opportunity to demonstrate your continued interest in the job.

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Please Tell Me More About a Typical Day

Even if you asked this question during your first interview, ask again for more details. Find out about daily or weekly meetings and how closely you’ll work with different teams and coworkers. If the position is remote, ask about collaboration tools used and how often the team chitchats during the day. All of this information will help paint a clearer picture of what each day will be like.

What Are the Daily/Weekly/Monthly/Yearly Expectations for This Role?

During your second interview with an employer, asking questions about expectations, strategy, and output required for the position can help you in the decision-making process. Do the expectations sound reasonable, or do you get the impression you may be overworked? Do you have the skill set to accomplish the goals required, or will you end up scrambling to figure things out? Knowing what’s required of the job can also help you tailor your interview answers to showcase your ability to excel in the position.

What’s the Biggest Challenge for This Position?

Getting an honest answer to this question from an employer could be interview gold. It’ll be up to you to decide if you can handle the challenges or not. If the challenges of the position are something you know you can handle or fix, your confidence can increase twofold. Be sure to show how you have the skills to take on the challenge. If the interviewer’s answer makes you nervous, this can be reason to pause and reconsider if this is the best job for you.

How Have You Liked or Disliked Working for This Company?

Whether you’re interviewing with your potential new boss or the HR manager, asking this question can give you insight into the company culture. Compare the answer to this question to your requirements for a new job. If the interviewer talks about positive workplace camaraderie and this is high on your list of wants, this is a great sign. If the interviewer mentions that overtime hours are often required, and you’re on the hunt for more work-life balance, this could be a red flag.

Tell Me About the Company Culture

This question can give you a perspective on the company’s environment, which you absolutely need to have a grasp on after your second interview with an employer. You may discover how involved the employees are in the community or how often remote work is allowed. If the company or position is completely virtual, ask about how birthdays and holidays are celebrated, and how employee relationships are fostered. Even if the job is a perfect fit for you, you need to seriously consider company culture—it can make or break your experience!

Describe Your Management Style

If you’re interviewing with your potential boss, ask how they like to manage. The answer, or lack of one, can give you some fantastic insight into how you will be managed. Does the employer use a hands-off approach, or are they very involved in the details of your work? More importantly, consider what kind of management style works best for you.

What Are Some Challenges I’ll Face in the First Year?

Depending on the situation, you may face very few challenges during the first year (other than the typical “new job” challenges). However, there’s also a chance you will face many challenges. The interviewer should be able to explain these challenges to you and explain why they exist. If the interviewer can’t explain why the challenges exist or are hesitant to say that you’ll face any challenges, you may want to reconsider the job.

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Also, if there are challenges, ask the interviewer how your boss or the company will support you and help you overcome the challenges. Do you have free rein to do whatever you think is necessary? Will they send you to training so you can develop your skills? The answers to these questions will help you get a sense of whether the company will support you during your transition or not.

Why Is This Role Open?

Ask why the position is open. Is it a new position? If yes, that probably means the department or company is growing. And, if that’s the case, what are the plans to manage that growth? How quickly will the company grow, and what does that mean for you and your position?

If it’s not a new position, try to find out why the last person left. Was the previous person promoted? A yes is excellent news. That means there’s the potential for upward growth at the company. If the person was fired or quit, you probably can’t find out the exact circumstances that led to that. But, depending how the interviewer handles the question, you may get a feel for how the situation was handled, and that can help guide your decision.

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How Is Performance Measured?

How will your boss or the company measure your performance? Is there a quota you have to meet (this many sales per quarter), or are you measured on something a little more subjective (like customer satisfaction)? Are the measurements something under your control, or are you subject to the whims of others?

Equally as important, how often will the company measure your performance, and how often will they give you feedback? Will you only find out at the end of the year how well you’re performing? Or will you meet with your supervisor regularly to review your performance and discuss ways you can improve it? This can also give you insight on company culture and the overall management approach of the employer.

What Are the Next Steps?

Every company has its own interview process. For some, the second interview may be the final interview. For others, there may be more interviews or perhaps an assessment test. Finding out what to expect next keeps you in the loop and shows the interviewer that you’re invested and interested in moving forward in the process. It also helps eliminate ambiguity.

Acing Your Second Interview

With any luck, interview number two is the last interview before you get the job. Because you may not know before the interview if that’s the case, take advantage of it to learn what you can about the job and the company to help you make an informed decision. It might just be your last chance to get the necessary information.

Even though round two is over and you’re that much closer to a job offer (we hope!), there’s still more work to do. Read up on how to write an outstanding thank-you note and when and how to follow up after an interview.

How to Tell if a Remote Job is a Scam or Legit

Remote Job you’ve scanned remote job boards and found what seems like a great remote job and, if offered the role, you’d jump at the chance to work from home! After all, working from home means having control over your office environment, your work wardrobe, and even the office microwave (so you can finally ban the reheating of your coworkers’ leftover fish dinner for lunch! We know it’s you, Karen.). What’s not to love about remote work?

Remote Job

But not all work-from-home jobs are created equal, so it’s vital that you vet any remote job you’re considering to make sure it’s the right one for you. At FlexJobs, we spend a lot of time screening remote job listings to find the ones that are legitimate, professional-level, and high-quality. Most of the so-called remote jobs we see turn out to be scams, “business opportunities,” or other junk, so we’ve gotten quite good at pinpointing real remote jobs.

Here’s what to look for when vetting potential remote jobs to make sure you’ve found the best opportunity possible and don’t fall into a serious scam.

What to Look for in a Remote Job

Each company handles its remote jobs a little differently than the next, so these are some of the aspects you’ll want to pay attention to.

Location Requirements
While a work-at-home job might seem like it allows you to work from anywhere in the world, most remote jobs actually have some sort of location requirement. The company may seek applicants who live in a particular metro area, state, region of the country, time zone, or country. If you want a true “work-from-anywhere” remote job, pay close attention to the location requirements on any job posting.

Home Office Set-Up
Each company also handles equipment for remote workers differently. Some offices provide you with specific equipment and software (laptops, headsets, etc.). Some let you use your own equipment provided it meets their requirements (a certain operating system, less than three years old, etc.). And some provide no guidelines or equipment specifications.

Paying for Office Equipment
Some companies pay for or reimburse home office equipment. Some provide a technology stipend that you can use towards the purchase of equipment. And others operate a “BYOD” or “bring your own device” system where you’re completely responsible for the expenses, which are often tax-deductible in the U.S. through the Home Office Tax Deduction. Make sure you find out what’s expected of you before accepting any offer, because you might be on the hook for some expensive technology.

Salary for Remote Jobs
Each company also has different methods for setting the salaries of their remote jobs. In traditional jobs, location is factored in to set the salary range because different locations have different costs of living, and therefore, different market rates. With remote jobs, some companies set salary ranges based on the applicant’s location. Others set salary based on the company’s location. Search sites like,, and for ranges with these two locations to give you an good overall range to expect. Make sure you do your research before you start any salary negotiations.

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What to Watch Out For: Scam Remote Jobs

Did you know that only one out of every 60 to 70 remote jobs posted online is a real job? The rest are scams. While some scams are fairly obvious (the ones that wind up in your email’s spam filter), others are quite sophisticated.

The job research team at FlexJobs has spent the last 11 years screening and verifying over 47,000 companies and their remote jobs. Along the way, they’ve seen first-hand a huge range of scammer tactics. To stay safe while searching for your own remote job, here are some of the warning signs our researchers recommend watching for to make sure you’re finding legitimate work:

  • The job listing mentions lucrative pay in exchange for little work.
  • The “recruiter” may say they found you via a well-known job search website that many people use.
  • Scammers may lure you to a well-designed but fake website that looks like the real company’s site (with the same logo, language, and even recruiter names you’d find on the real company’s careers website site. The only difference? The wrong web address.).
  • The email address the “employer” uses is a generic email such as Gmail or Yahoo Mail.
  • Scammers may ask you to interview on instant messaging programs like Google Hangouts, Facebook Messenger, Yahoo Messenger, or Skype, but some will conduct phone interviews.
  • You may be asked for personal financial information—Social Security number, bank account, home address, phone number, date of birth, etc.—early on in the job interview process.
  • Scammers may offer you a position immediately or very quickly after a brief interview and then urge you to accept right away so you don’t have a chance to think things through.
  • Scammers sometimes use oddly formal verbiage and/or poor grammar, spelling, and punctuation.
  • The “employer” asks you for bank or financial information for upfront payment to cover training, equipment, or software you supposedly need to do the job.

Legitimate remote jobs do exist, but it’s vital that you research every potential company to make sure you’re not dealing with a scam, and to make sure you’re taking on the remote job that is right for you. Keep this post handy the next time you’re searching for remote jobs, and you’ll find the perfect role for you in no time.

What to Do When Your Mac Won’t Shut Down

Shut Down Macs are like any other computer. Sometimes they won’t start up, and sometimes they won’t shut down. If your Mac is refusing to shut off, here’s how to shut it down anyway—and, hopefully, permanently fix the problem.

shut down

How to Shut Down Your Mac

Shutting down your Mac is as simple as clicking on the Apple logo on the menu bar at the top of your screen, then choosing “Shut Down…” followed by “Shut Down” in the box that appears. If you’re feeling particularly impatient, you can hold the Option button on your keyboard while clicking the menu option to prevent that confirmation box from appearing at all.

Once you’ve started the shutdown process, you need to wait. Even if you leave the box checked to “Reopen windows when logging back in” you’ll still have to wait for your currently-open applications and windows to close before your Mac shuts down.

Assuming your Mac won’t shut down, it’s time to try a few more things.

Software Can Cause Shut Down Issues

Sometimes software can prevent your Mac from shutting down properly. Occasionally your Mac will notify you that “Application blocked shut down” and sometimes you won’t see any errors at all. First, try closing all of your applications by right-clicking (or two-finger clicking) on their icons in the dock, and choosing “Quit.”

You can force quit any apps that aren’t responding or won’t close. Right-click (or two-finger click) the app’s icon, hold the Options key on your keyboard, then click “Force Quit” and the app should close. You can then try shutting down again.

shut down1

Once you’ve started the shutdown process, you need to wait. Even if you leave the box checked to “Reopen windows when logging back in” you’ll still have to wait for your currently-open applications and windows to close before your Mac shuts down.

Assuming your Mac won’t shut down, it’s time to try a few more things.

Software Can Cause Shut Down Issues

Sometimes software can prevent your Mac from shutting down properly. Occasionally your Mac will notify you that “Application blocked shut down” and sometimes you won’t see any errors at all. First, try closing all of your applications by right-clicking (or two-finger clicking) on their icons in the dock, and choosing “Quit.”

You can force quit any apps that aren’t responding or won’t close. Right-click (or two-finger click) the app’s icon, hold the Options key on your keyboard, then click “Force Quit” and the app should close. You can then try shutting down again.

If this doesn’t work, it’s possible that a background process has crashed and is causing the issue. Open up Activity Monitor (hit Command + Spacebar then search for it) and click on the CPU tab. You can order the “% CPU” column by descending order to see if any apps are using a high amount of CPU power. If they are, click on them to highlight them, then click on the “X” at the top left to kill the process.

Other apps that may have crashed will be highlighted in red, followed by a label that says “(Not responding).” You’ll need to click on these then click on the “X” to kill them too. Assuming you’ve gotten rid of any errant processes, it’s time to try shutting down again.

Unplug Any Peripherals

Peripherals may also cause issues when trying to shut down your Mac. For best results disconnect any attached peripherals and try again. If you’re using an iMac, you can try unplugging everything except your mouse or Magic Trackpad (though keyboards shouldn’t cause an issue).

Safely remove any external drives by right-clicking on them and choosing “Eject [DISK]” or by clicking and dragging the volume to the Trash can. If you can’t get a drive to eject, then you may have found your issue. You may see a new window pop up with a choice to “Force Eject…” which you can try.

Otherwise, you can force eject via the Terminal with the following command (replace “DISK” with whatever your drive is called):

diskutil unmountDisk force /Volumes/DISK

To get a list of attached drives run this command first:

diskutil list

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When All Else Fails: Force Restart Your Mac

If your Mac still won’t shut down, the only thing left to do is to figuratively “pull the plug” and force a shutdown. This works on both desktop Macs and MacBooks. To do this, first press and hold the Control and Command keys, then hold Mac’s power button.

If you don’t have a power button, then you’ll need to hold Control and Command plus the Eject button or the Touch ID button instead. Keep the button held down for around 10 seconds, after which your Mac’s screen should go black. Wait about 30 seconds before starting your machine up again.

Note: This should only be used as a last resort. The shutdown process is put in place to protect core system files that should always be properly closed before the machine powers off. Your Mac will likely function just fine after a forced restart, but there is always a risk in doing this. If something went wrong and your Mac will no longer start up, learn how to fix a Mac that won’t boot.

A restart will fix the vast majority of problems that prevent your Mac from shutting down properly. If this problem becomes more frequent, you’ll need to get to the source of the issue with the steps below.

Preventing Shut Down Problems in Future

If the issue is being caused by software, you can take some steps towards rectifying it. If an app was stopping your shut down procedure, try checking for software updates that may fix the issue. You may want to ditch the app in favor of an alternative if such an option exists. Try restarting your Mac without first running the problem software.

shut down2

macOS also needs to be regularly updated to keep on top of issues. You can check for software updates under System Preferences > Software Update. While you’re there, you can enable automatic updates by clicking on “Advanced…” then checking the relevant boxes.

Boot into Safe Mode

Restarting your Mac in safe mode may also help stop the problem from happening again in the future. When you start your Mac in safe mode, the startup disk is scanned for issues and macOS will try to fix any problems that are detected. Safe mode also deletes font, kernel, and system caches, along with a few other things.

To boot your Mac into safe mode:

  1. Turn your Mac off (you may need to force shut down).
  2. Press the power button then immediately press and hold the Shift key (either one).
  3. Release the Shift key when you see the login window and log in as usual.

When you restart your computer, it will boot back into regular mode. Safe mode isn’t the only alternative startup mode for your Mac, check out the full list of macOS boot modes and what they’re used for.

Reset Your SMC and PRAM/NVRAM

The System Management Controller (SMC) is responsible for low-level functions on your Mac, including power management, battery charging, and keyboard backlighting. Sometimes power issues can be caused by the SMC, so it makes sense to try resetting the SMC if you’re having chronic shut down problems.

The process is straightforward but differs depending on whether you have a MacBook with an internal battery, a MacBook with a removable battery, or a desktop computer like an iMac. Find out how to reset the SMC on your particular Mac.

Nonvolatile RAM (NVRAM) or Parameter RAM (PRAM) is used by your Mac to store settings like startup disk preference, display resolution, and time zone information. It’s unlikely that NVRAM/PRAM will affect how your Mac shuts down, but if you’re still having issues at this stage, it’s probably worth a shot.

The process for resetting this memory is the same across the board:

  1. Make sure your Mac is powered off.
  2. Press and release the power button (or Touch ID button on some MacBooks) then immediately press and hold Option + Command + P + R on your keyboard.
  3. After around 20 seconds you can release these keys, and your Mac should start up as usual.

After resetting NVRAM/PRAM, you may need to adjust settings like display resolution, startup disk, and time zone. Now try to restart or shut down your Mac normally to see if you still have issues.

Still Got Problems? Try the Nuclear Option

When all else fails, you can always format your drive and reinstall macOS. You should first back up your Mac with Time Machine to save your files. Avoid using any third-party disk cloning software for backing up (we’re after a clean install after all).

You can then follow the instructions to delete macOS and reinstall the operating system from scratch. Remember that you’ll need to restore your Time Machine backup and reinstall any software you want once you’ve done so. This isn’t a quick process, so set aside an hour or two before you start.

5 Ways to Convert Conventional Classrooms

Classrooms These days everybody is a tech-geek with mobile phones in their hands and technology-based ideas in their mind. When nothing is being left without the influence of technology, then how can we not expect it to get into the mainstream of learning too? Keeping in line with the innovation of new technology trends, teachers are offering students the privilege of education they truly want and need.

Schools have started to recognize the importance of wireless gadgets and its significance in shaping the brand new tech-enhanced learning ecosystem in the classroom setting. More and more classrooms at K12 level and even in higher education are adopting this meaningful change and it is only subject to rise in the coming years.


It was way earlier prophesized by Market research firm Global Industry Analysts that “E Learning” would reach $107 Billion in 2015 and it did. Now, Research and Markets forecasts show triple the revenue of 2015 – e-learning will grow to $325 Billion by 2025.”

With all the jargon regarding the rise of technology in the educational sector, what exactly are the educational technology trends that are gaining fame amongst the students as well as the teachers?

Here is a list of top 5 technology trends that are bringing a fresh wave of change to our ever existing conventional classrooms:

Flipped Learning

This is an evolved form of blended learning in which the students initiate into learning activities from the space of their home. The technology behind flipped learning is the advent of E Learning apps and studying content online. Many learning apps provide various descriptive videos and solutions that make learning instant, easy and fun. The role of classroom in flipped learning is to assess what students have learned, and do their homework in class (as goes the name “flipped”). This type of learning eliminates the restriction of teacher being the only source of knowledge provider; instead students can learn from each other in groups created on the eLearning apps and other similar platforms.

Online Assessment Platform

Not just classroom learning but classroom assessments are also experiencing a vast change in terms of technology. Specially designed online exam platform for schools are simplifying the assessment task both for teachers and students making it much more efficient, accurate and prevalent than before. With the integration of a single online test platform in the classroom system, teachers can create, conduct and evaluate assessments all at once. It completely eliminates the hassle of manual assessments and augments the core value of examination with a twist of innovative creativity.


Long gone have those days when games used to be abhorred by parents and teachers! Now games are the most significant part of our recent times learning methods. Gamification uses the basics of a game system that involves providing reward winners, challenges, increasing the level of challenges with accordingly bigger rewards. This makes various classroom tasks fun and more engaging in comparison to any other type of method for learning.

All types of games are created on the concept of intense release of dopamine which is a chemical in the brain that gets triggered when you win at a game. This gives a positive experience to the students related to learning and naturally increases their interest in gaining more of knowledge.


Social Media

Social media such as Facebook, Twitter and YouTube are quite popular amongst today’s generation but it still considered as a distraction in the classroom setting. No doubt that it has made its way in the domain of education but it is still not much acceptable. It is important to put light on the fact that students these days are more comfortable with social media platforms and so it can be a powerful tool for both students and teachers.

There are many platforms in the educational market that are replicas of social media but are solely used for the purpose of education. One of which is Study24x7, a platform created for both learners and educators to augment learning and knowledge sharing process in a real-time environment. Such platforms serve various purposes and provide courses and varied educational materials. Connecting with mentors or discussing with similar aspirants all in all is possible through Social media platforms for learning.

Mind Mapping

“Just as in every great idea, its power lies in its simplicity”. Mind Mapping is a way to represent ideas and concepts in a graphical manner. It is a tool that uses visual thinking factor that helps in structuring information, helping students to better understand, comprehend and recall existing ideas and generating new ideas as well.

It has been developed to take place of traditional note taking methods replacing it with a technique that resembles more closely to how the brain actually works. Since it is a task that is both artistic and analytical in nature it engages the brain in a more active manner and best of all it is fun!


Right from online assessment platform– automating assessments, to social media platforms that were once abhorred but now embraced, educational sectors are moving towards an era where technology knows no bounds and will replace even the slightest of manual involvement. E-Learning is becoming the present and future of education; it is quite possible that what Research and Markets believe- “e-learning triple to $325 Billion by 2025” will definitely become the truth and finally believable by all of us too!


TECH JOBS When I told my family and friends that I wanted to learn how to code, I heard a lot of this: “But why would you want to get into technology? You’re so creative!”


They meant well. They were worried that working in the digital world wouldn’t satisfy my creative spark. And I’ll admit that way down deep in the back of my mind, I had similar concerns:

  • What if I put in all this time and money to learn HTML and CSS, and then I hate coding?
  • What if this is another thing I try to do just to make more money, but it ultimately leaves me unsatisfied?
  • And what if I’m just no good at it? I’m a creative type—not a computer type!
  • Are there really creative and analytical jobs in tech?

But it turns out that tech is actually an INCREDIBLE field for creative people. As much as coding requires attention to detail, coming up with new solutions to problems is a day-to-day task when you’re working in tech, and drumming up ideas is something creatives excel at.

Below, you’ll find 5 tech roles that are perfect for creatives. For each job, you’ll learn more about:
What kind of work you’ll do (and why creatives are well-suited to it!)
What kinds of companies are looking for people like you and types of projects you’ll work on
What skills you’ll need to level up from “creative type” to “digital creative” and land the job

And the best part? These aren’t jobs for 10-year veterans in the tech industry. You can snag these awesome entry-level creative jobs with just a couple years—or, if you work on your portfolio, even months—of experience. Win!

1. User Experience Designer

User experience, or UX, is all about the often intangible experience of navigating a website or app. UX defines the way a user feels when they navigate your mobile menu, click your contact information, or just look at your logo.

And since UX can be so subjective, it gives creative people a TON of freedom when it comes to designing and dreaming up things like the exact layout or button color that makes users click “buy now” or “follow.”

A UX designer’s main goal is to create a pleasant and inviting atmosphere that encourages users to take specific actions, like stay on a page for longer than 10 seconds, subscribe to a newsletter, or finish a checkout process. And their work can be very broad—like creating brand guidelines for an entire site—or more granular, like selecting the right color palette to make users on a medical website feel at home or streamlining the process of buying a skirt with PayPal.

UX is often lumped together in the same category as UI, or user interface design. Technically, they’re not quite the same: UI has more to do with the actual visual layout of a site or app (or its interface), while UX focuses more on processes and overall experience of using the site. Still, it’s a good idea to search for both UX and UI jobs if you’re itching to get into the industry.


As a UX designer, you’d be in demand at large corporations and e-commerce companies, where the online shopping experience is crucial to making sales. UX designers are also sought-after at small startups, where the layout of a landing page can make or break a launch.


  • HTML and CSS
  • A/B testing
  • Mockups and graphic design with tools like Photoshop and Illustrator
  • User personas/avatars
  • Site mapping and user flows
  • Wireframing with tools like Figma, Adobe XD, Invision, or Axure
  • Analytics with programs like Google Analytics or HubSpot

Want to learn UX design skills? Check out our User Experience Design course.

2. Front-End Developer

Front-end developers tackle a wide variety of tasks, but the basics are this: they take static designs (often created by UX designers!) and code them into fully functional websites and apps.

While front-end developers don’t necessarily spend as much time tweaking color palettes and thinking about how a certain shade of green will make you feel, they still have to keep the creativity flowing. There are an infinite number of ways to turn a design mockup into a working website, and as a creative person, you’ll be able to come up with solutions in ways no one else has imagined.

If you’re new to the tech scene and just starting to dabble in HTML and CSS, then front-end development is the most straightforward path and one of the quickest routes to earning real income. In fact, you can earn money WHILE you’re learning to code by doing freelance work on smaller projects as you learn.

But what if you want to turn your development skills into a creative dream job? Adding responsive development and JavaScript to the mix is a great route to take.

You know when the words on your screen ripple? Or an icon spins in a circle? Those are examples of animations and effects. With responsive development and JavaScript skills under your belt, you’ll be able to bring static sites to life.

But whether you choose to specialize in animations and effects, learning front-end development skills will give you the leg up you need to get hired in just about any area you choose.


Front-end developers work at companies of every shape and size and are often avid freelancers as well. As a freelancer, you’ll be responsible for planning and executing many of the tasks for building a site from scratch. Working at larger companies, however, will give you the opportunity to get more specialized if you so choose (that’s where responsive design and JavaScript skills would come in REAL handy).


  • HTML and CSS
  • CSS preprocessors, like Sass or LESS
  • Responsive web design
  • JavaScript and jQuery
  • JavaScript libraries, like React JS
  • Git and GitHub

Want to learn front-end development skills? Check out our Front End Developer + React JavaScript course.

Read More:-What Is Web Technology and What Does It Do?

3. Digital Marketer

If you know you want to work for a tech company or “in tech,” but your brain leans more toward strategy and big-picture creative projects, digital marketing just might be your sweet spot.

Apologies for the oft-used cliché, but digital marketers (sometimes also called content marketers) wear many hats. Dozens, in fact, which means no day is boring.

Depending on the company and its needs, digital marketers may oversee all inbound marketing efforts or just focus on a specific marketing area like social media or growing search traffic (SEO). Others might oversee partnership programs like giveaways and syndication strategies.

Then there are paid ad campaigns. Do you know those sponsored posts that pop up in your Instagram feed? A digital marketer or digital marketing team probably had a role in that.
Digital marketing sometimes includes content strategy tasks like planning an editorial calendar (for fun themed months on the site’s blog), writing downloadable guides or e-courses, or even executing on multimedia campaigns, like planning a YouTube video series or podcast.


These days almost every tech company from the smallest unfunded startup to a Fortune 500 corporation has at least one person on their marketing team. The fact is, almost all marketing includes “digital” components now. At smaller companies, look for roles like Head of Marketing or Marketing Director. At larger companies (or if you’re just starting out with little to no experience in digital marketing), keep an eye out for job titles like Digital Marketing Coordinator and Social Media Coordinator.


  • Data analysis
  • Landing page and email campaign creating and reporting
  • SEO best practice knowledge
  • Social media strategy and analytics
  • Paid advertising and social media ad buying
  • Partnership strategy and sponsored content

Want to learn digital marketing skills? Check out our Digital Marketing course.

4. Visual Designer

Visual designers are related to UI and UX designers, but they’re quite different as well. Instead of focusing just on user experiences, visual designers create the image and style for a company or brand through color, typography, logos, icons, and other visual elements.

Think of visual design as creating identities or what you recognize as a company’s or a brand’s image when you see it. Successful visual design is consistent and recognizable, so customers easily connect it to the company no matter where they see it. And it’s impactful so that it makes a strong (hopefully positive!) impression and sends a clear message about the company’s mission and values.

When it comes to print or physical media, much of this work is done by graphic designers. But, in the digital realm, it’s visual designers who create the plan and assets for the way a company or brand will be represented.


In the booming tech scene, there is plenty of work out there for visual designers. You’ll find exciting work at small startups and at big companies alike. At a startup, you might be both planning and creating all the visual branding from start to finish, whereas at a bigger company you might focus on the assets for just one product or even just on logos or iconography.


  • User experience/user interface design
  • Color theory
  • Typography
  • Branding standards
  • Logo and icon creation
  • Design tools like Photoshop, Illustrator, InDesign, and Figma
  • Creative briefs and digital layout
  • User testing
  • Iterative design

Want to learn visual design skills? Check out our Visual Designer course.

5. Web Designer

While creativity is important in all of these roles, the need for creative thinkers is particularly critical in web design. With more and more sites launched every day, there’s a growing need for web design that attracts users and communicates messages clearly.

And, nowadays, web designers need to come up with site designs for all kinds of devices— including phones, tablets, laptops, and desktops. So, they have the challenging but exciting task of not just designing gorgeous sites, but also creating designs that look great in many different sizes and with all the different interfaces and functions needed for each device. That’s pretty cool if you ask me!


Web design is in such high demand that you can find work in this field at companies of all sizes—from startups to huge corporations—and even as a freelancer designing sites for small companies to launch their businesses.


  • Layout and navigation
  • Color and typography
  • User interface design
  • Responsive design
  • Web design tools, like Adobe Photoshop and XD
  • HTML and CSS
  • Domains and hosting
  • Git and GitHub
  • Media queries
  • Responsive typography
  • Flexbox
  • Bootstrap

Want to learn web design skills? Check out our Web Designer course.

What Is Web Technology and What Does It Do?

Web technology is the establishment and use of mechanisms that make it possible for different computers and devices to communicate and share resources. Web technologies are infrastructural building blocks of any effective computer network.

Web Technology

Web technologies are infrastructural building blocks of any effective computer network: local area network, metropolitan area network or a wide area network, such as the Internet. Communication on a computer could never be as effective as they are without the plethora of Web technologies in existence.

Communication Between Computers and Devices
Computers and other network devices need to communicate. A mechanism must make it possible for a computer to communicate with another computer on the same network or another network. The mechanism must ensure that a message moves from the sender to the recipient, enabling the receiver to retrieve the message, send feedback and acknowledge reception or failure of communication.

Markup Languages
Markup languages like HTML, CSS and XML are part of Web technology. These languages tell computers in text how to format, layout and style Web pages and programs. Two types of markup languages include procedural markup and descriptive markup. Additional types of languages include CGI and HTTP.

Programming Languages
Programming languages include Perl, C#, Java and Visual Basic .NET. These languages are used by Web developers to create websites and applications. Each language has pros and cons, and most developers know several different types to help them achieve their goals.

Web Servers
Web servers are comprised of two components, the hardware and software. The hardware includes HTML documents and other data. The software servers include the HTTP server, which is used to communicate between the computer and the Web server. There are two types of Web servers, which are static and dynamic servers.

Related Blogs:- 5 Stages of Startup Development: Step-by-Step guide

Websites require a database management system, usually referred to as a database. Databases are used as a vault for Web server data. There are several different types of databases available, like MySQL, Microsoft Access and Oracle. The most popular types of data are JSON, XML and CSV. All of these different types of data store data in different ways

Business Applications
A variety of Web technology is vital to the function and success of many businesses. These include online appointment scheduling programs, websites and a way for customers to chat with representatives. Also, Web technology makes it possible for businesses to collect data on their customers to further customize their services.

Different Sides of Web Technology
There are client sides to applications and, conversely, there is the server side. The client side is what most people see when they use technology on a day-to-day basis. This includes whatever you see on your computer, laptop or tablet when using the Internet or various applications. The server side is what is happening behind the scenes, and it’s where all of the coding for the site or application is stored. Similarly, people see the front end of all of the Web technology, which shapes the way websites and applications look. The back end is made up of databases and various processes that are only known to the developer and business.

5 Stages of Startup Development: Step-by-Step guide

Development Success stories don’t equal miracle stories. Your feed is probably full of fairy tales about 18-year-olds who successfully go through every stage of a startup and make millions on their ideas. In reality, this process has its dark sides.


In a world where seemingly everything has already been invented, a unique idea is worthless and useless if you don’t hone it. So, whether your business idea is a forerunner in a target niche or a smart alternative to a successful CRM, you have to cultivate it.

There are several different approaches to startup development you can choose from. A rather formal approach is to define startup development by its lifecycle stages

Startup stages made right

A successful startup is a journey from idea to growth and you should know the path you’ll be walking. Still, it’s the execution that matters most. To nail every stage of a startup business, there are a couple of things to consider during each of these stages:

  • Actively search scaling capabilities. After you have a solid MVP, scaling begins, but that doesn’t mean you should ignore it before then. When planning features and trying to find a product-market fit, keep in mind that if you plan to scale up in the future, you’ll need investments. Catering to that at each stage of development is half of success.

  • Have a business plan. This will be developed and perfected as your startup idea evolves. Similar to scaling, approach your business plan in the early stages so that you can present your idea to investors, potential partners, and anyone interested whenever they ask about it.
  • Now that you know the rules of the game, let’s go through the stages of a startup.
  • Document everything that can be documented. From the most basic overview of your business idea to recruiting and scaling, try to document everything related to your startup in written form. This will saves time later while improving and growing your business in the future.

You can either rely on these three or define the stages of creating a startup based on your own strategy.

1. Research

As we’ve mentioned before, there’s always space for new phenomena in the startup world. The founders of Airbnb, two designers, and an engineer have said that they lacked a common perspective at the dawn of the company – largely because they were focused on design and engineering instead of on developing a business. And yes, these are two completely different things.

When we talk about startup phenomena, we mean businesses like Airbnb. Due to the unique concept of “renting a living space where you feel at home,” Airbnb basically created a new niche from scratch. So, it should be treated as an exception, rather than a rule.

2. From idea to MVP

As soon as you have a hypothesis about your future product, focus on validating it. A Minimum Viable Product (MVP) is a must-have set of features that allows you to test the product with your target audience without any sophisticated engineering. Minimum effort – maximum feedback. With an MVP, you can see the practical impact of your product in the real world and then further perfect it.

Airbnb started as a simple listing website that targeted the attendees of the IDSA conference that took place in San Francisco in 2007. The Airbnb founders noticed that all the hotels were overbooked for the conference dates and decided to create a quick solution. That’s how the world’s major hospitality service evolved – by solving a specific problem for a relatively small crowd of conference attendees.

The first Airbnb website was cheap and it is even hard to compare to what the service offers now. But, as the experience shows, your MVP shouldn’t be a world-saver. One practical issue you have a solution for will be enough.

3. Getting traction

Beautiful things happen to startups at the stage of traction. Most likely, this is when you’ll acquire your first customers, and hopefully, these will be your most loyal ones. Focus on enriching your customer base while continuing to collect feedback.

Airbnb used smart growth hacks during the traction stage, which, in some ways, compensated for their lack of initial research. The startup partnered with Craigslist, a $1 billion online listing platform, to create a simple posting infrastructure. This integration opened the door to a huge crowd – hosts and owners who could easily post their proposals on the website.

Here are a few tips for your tech startup:

  • Catchy branding: Give your product an identity, so that it is recognizable across the target audiences.

  • Promotions: To gain clients, you should put your product in front of thousands. Depending on where your target customers would potentially be looking for you, pick a few different channels for promotion.

  • Partnerships and referrals: Search for those who can help you tell the world about the product you’re creating. Moreover, people trust recommendations more than ads. So this approach may prove successful.

Read More:- Cabin Crew Qualities and Suitability For the Job

4. Back to the start: Final improvements

If you did everything right, the number of clients should increase. Talking to them you know what customers love the most about your product. Leverage that. Try to expand the value that stands behind your product as much as possible. Common scenarios at this point include the following:

  • Get rid of features that don’t convert.
  • Hire professionals that can help you refine the strongest sides of the brand. For instance, if it’s all about UI, you’ll need a superstar designer.
  • Invest more in promoting your killer features.

5. Aiming for maturity

To make the leap from a startup to a mature business, you should be ready to take bold action. However, even the greatest growth hacks won’t bring you success overnight. The average time for a startup to become an established business is 3 years. No bypassing, no instant results.

development (7)

To nail the stages of a tech startup, be patient and work on making life better for your target audience – step by step:

  1. Research partnerships that could give you revenue growth. One year after its launch, Airbnb migrated to Amazon Web Services – this decision helped them cut operational expenses and benefit from Amazon’s robust integrations. See what’s out there for you.
  2. Have a system for ROI measurement. At this point in startup development, you’ll (hopefully) face revenue growth. Ensure that you have instruments to measure your success – this will help you maintain positive trends in the future. Airbnb picked a combination of Datadog and PagerDuty to measure revenue, collecting metrics from 15 different systems in one place.
  3. Attract funding. If, at this point, you still lack resources to grow your company, focus on getting some external funding. Depending on your business history and current valuation, as a mature business, you can consider traditional term loans or business lines of credit. Another option is to focus on attracting investors. They don’t just give you money, they also provide helpful advice.
  4. To sum up, the key things at the core of startup growth are planning and persistence. From idea to growth stages, take your product through a series of activities that will help it evolve. Deliver on your clients’ expectations instead of trying to kill your weak spots. Understand the startup essentials, but be ready to tweak them to outperform your competition. Finally, measure everything you do.
  5. Remember that you have everything it takes for a successful journey. Just make sure that you don’t jump into things that are beyond your expertise. Leverage startup development services, hire a CTO or consult people who have gone down this path before.
  6. To sum up, the key things at the core of startup growth are planning and persistence. From idea to growth stages, take your product through a series of activities that will help it evolve. Deliver on your clients’ expectations instead of trying to kill your weak spots. Understand the startup essentials, but be ready to tweak them to outperform your competition. Finally, measure everything you do.
  7. Remember that you have everything it takes for a successful journey. Just make sure that you don’t jump into things that are beyond your expertise. Leverage startup development services, hire a CTO or consult people who have gone down this path before.

Cabin Crew Qualities and Suitability For the Job

Embarking on a journey to become a full fledge cabin crew is an exciting journey but not without it’s challenges. Hence, it is important to be sure why, where and what the job entails in order to generate satisfaction from the career, financial and experience from the job as a cabin crew.

The objective of this chapter is to provide guidance and evaluation if this job is suitable for you. Very often, we leave this part of the job fit to the airline recruiter or interviewer. Of course, each of us would hope the interviewer accepts us regardless on whether we are a good candidate for the job. It is also possible that we try to mould ourselves to fit the job, as it is common for many to justify why the job is suitable for them.

Without proper evaluation, the journey of looking and working in this job can be frustrating and in many cases, disappointing due to the lack of understanding of the job requirements and it’s implication on career growth, mindset, financial management/behavior and lifestyle. It also affects longer term career interest, transition to ground positions and personal quality of life.

In the following paragraphs, we hope to provide into insights on what the cabin crew job entails as well as some of its advantages and disadvantages.

Knowledge and Suitability for the Job

Role of a Cabin Crew

1. What do you think the role of cabin crew involves / What do you think is the primary responsibility of a cabin crew?

Cabin crew are on board an aircraft for safety reasons. In case of a real life emergency, the cabin crew must ensure that passengers follow the captains instructions, use safety equipment correctly, and stay as calm as possible.

During the flight, the cabin crew spends a lot of time looking after the comfort of the passengers. This involves giving special attention to children traveling alone, disabled people or people who are ill. Crew must appear friendly and sympathetic to anyone needing help, advise, reassurance, sympathize or even, at times, firm persuasion.

Other duties during the flight includes preparing and serving meals and drinks and cleaning up afterwards, selling duty free goods, and helping passengers use in flight entertainment system. There is also paperwork to complete, this can include flight reports, customs and immigrations documents, accounts of duty free sales and meal and drink orders.

At the end of the flight, the crew makes sure the passengers leave the aircraft safely.

2. What kind of individuals would fit this role?

An individual who has the following ideal qualities:

a. Dedication to details

b. Assertiveness

c. Adaptability

d. Cross Cultural Understanding/Sensitivity

e. Organized

f. Rule oriented

g. Good listening skills

h. Stable Emotion

i. Discipline

j. Friendliness

k. Humble disposition

l. Honesty

m. Sincerity

n. Warm personality

o. Approachability

g. Sense of humor.

The successful candidate will also need to have the ability to remain calm and level headed in emergency situations and be totally flexible about working with new people, flying different routes and working on unsociable hours.

3. Is the role of a cabin crew job glamorous?

Well, it certainly is perceived as glamorous and it certainly has its benefits of travel. People see cabin crew in action, jetting around the world and form an immediate impression of what they think the job involves. In fact, the customer sees only a fraction of what goes on in order to make each flight a success. The truth is, cabin crew has to combine working as a flying waiter or waitress, mobile shop assistant, cleaner, plus all the emergency services rolled into one. It can be an exhausting and disorienting lifestyle that places tough demands on family and social commitments. It is also physically demanding and many crew who do not have the right physical build (appropriate Body Mass Index or BMI) typically suffer lower back injuries on the job due to the amount of bending, squatting and lifting required to support the baggage, kart, trolley and equipment used on the aircraft.

Combined with the irregular flight time, sleep and meal times, cabin crew typically has irregular sleep pattern and meals. Hence it is not a glamorous job except for the perks of travel, hotels and nice uniforms for some international airlines.

With the onset of budget carriers, many cabin crew do not even travel beyond the aircraft that lands in the other countries only for transition before heading back to their home country. These are called turnaround flights and typically affects short haul flights of not more than 3 or 4 hours from the country of origin. The flight allowance, per diem, meals or layover allowance are also lower due to such quick turnaround patterns that are short haul flights.

4. What are the disadvantages of this position?

a. Jetlag

b. Irregular weight gain/loss

c. Minor cuts and injuries inflight

d. Lower back ache

e. Lack of mental stimulation in the long term

f. Physical fatigue

g. Dehydration

h. Rash due to overseas travel and weather changes

i. Allergies to hotel and aircraft environment

j. Harassment from opposite gender

k. Relationship commitment

l. Motion sickness

m. Financial and lifestyle habits

n. Hierarchy reporting structure

o. Irregular or unsociable work hours

5. What are the advantages of this position?

Working as a cabin crew member is not just a job, but a way of life and provides an alternative and very stimulating lifestyle where no two working days a likely to be the same. The sheer dynamics of different crew, passengers’ profiles, destinations and roster structure ensures that there will always be variety.

Furthermore, there are opportunities to visit places and experience cultures that are beyond most people reach. Cabin crew go to places they always dreamed of and find interests in destinations they would not necessarily have chosen to go to.

Additionally, it is a good feeling to deliver businessmen to their meetings on time, reunite family and friends; deliver newly weds to their honeymoon destinations, or vacation airs to their dream holiday place. There is genuine feeling of doing something worthwhile, in a unique way which not many jobs regularly produce at the end of a hard day.

Source by Albert Tay

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