Author: Avery Hicks Page 3 of 14

Types of Cyber Security Threats in 2020

Never has there been a more dangerous time for your business and your data. The threat landscape for businesses today is filled with many different security threats and attack vectors used by hackers and other malicious individuals. On the world scene, 2020 has already been a challenging year for businesses across the board with COVID-19.


Coupled with the current pandemic and the cybersecurity threats that have been very prevalent and growing in recent years such as ransomware, there are many different cyber risk types in 2020 that your business needs to prepare for.

First of all, what is a cyberattack? What are the types of cyber security threats? How can your business minimize the risk of a cyberattack on your business-critical data?

What Is a Cyber Attack?

cyber attack refers to a type of attack that is carried out by cybercriminals using a computer or group of computers to attack another computer, group of computers, or network. Cyber attacks have become all too common in today’s world largely due to how organizations have evolved in the way they carry out business.

Today’s businesses, no doubt including your own organization, heavily use technology to carry out business-critical operations and support their organization’s data. Data has been referred to as the new gold of this century as it represents the most valuable asset that a business possesses.

When you think about the fact that organizations rely on their customer data for day-to-day operations, selling, buying, turning a profit, making projections, and performing analytics, it is at the heart of just about every operation. What’s more, most businesses are expanding the way they are using and ingesting data.

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What Do Hackers Want?

There are generally three objectives behind cyber attacks:

  1. Disrupt or damage – This is often the objective that is highlighted by many of the cyber attacks that make headlines, including massive ransomware attacks. With these types of cyber threats, the attacker is looking to disrupt the normal business continuity of your organization to benefit in some way. A great example of this is ransomware. With ransomware, a ransom is demanded by the attacker to allow your business to return to normal operations and regain access to data.  Distributed Denial of Service (DDoS) attacks are another familiar type of attack that can prevent businesses from carrying out operations.
  2. Steal – Attackers can also have the objective to steal highly sensitive or valuable information, often to sell on the black market. These types of cyber attacks often result in damaging data leaks that result in a heavily damaged business reputation and potentially other consequences as a result of fines or legal implications.
  3. Infiltrate – Another aim of attackers is to infiltrate your organization’s network and slyly stay hidden, moving laterally through the network looking to ultimately compromise an administrator account.  Businesses can be compromised for literally “hundreds of days” or even years, without knowing it.  Below are figures from the IBM 2019 Cost of a Data Breach Report:
    1. The average time to identify a breach in 2019 was 206 days
    2. The average time to contain a breach was 73 days, for a total of 279 days

The potential damage, stealing of data, and widespread compromise that can happen in the meantime can be enormous and catastrophic to your business.

Who are behind cyber attacks?

You may wonder who is behind cyber attacks that are commonly carried out on your business today.  These generally fall within two categories of cyber criminals who may have differing motivations for what they do.

  • Insider threats
  • Threats from the outside

Who or what comprises each group of cyber criminals?


A very common but often overlooked threat to your organization is insider threats. Insider threats come from the very ones that you typically trust within your organization – your own employees.  While we certainly are not imputing bad motives on all employees, it only takes one unscrupulous employee to do major damage to your business.

Additionally, well-meaning employees can inflict data loss or data breach on your organization accidentally. Without thinking an end-user can accidentally expose sensitive data to the masses.

The top types of data security threats from insiders are as follows:

  • Disgruntled or unscrupulous employee intentionally damaging or leaking data from your organization
  • Malicious IT admin with administrative access to business-critical systems
  • Careless or even trusted employee who accidentally carelessly exposes, leaks, or damages critical data

Additionally, without controls over third-party applications in Software-as-a-Service (SaaS) environments, well-meaning employees could unintentionally install third-party applications that may in themselves have malicious intent or are “leaky” and expose sensitive data to others.


The other more commonly discussed types of security risks to your organization is the threat from attackers on the outside.  There are many different sources of cyber attacks from criminals on the outside.  This includes:

  • Organized criminal hacking groups or experienced individual hackers
  • Professional hackers working for an organized criminal hacking group
  • Nation-state hackers working for various governments
  • Amateur hackers who are simply looking to gain experience

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Cyber Attacks in 2020 – Current IT Security Threats

This year has presented challenges on a world scene that no one could have predicted.  The Coronavirus or COVID-19 has brought about sweeping changes in the way organizations are carrying out business throughout the world.  Most have shifted the workforce to a majority working from home.

With the shift in how and where employees are conducting business activities, hackers are following suit to capitalize on the shift in the workforce as well as even preying on the situation at hand with COVID-19.  Attackers know that employees working from home are more distracted than when working on-premises and most are extremely curious and interested in the situation with the Coronavirus pandemic.

This leads to a situation where employees are even more likely to fall victim to phishing attacks or malicious websites that lure employees with relevant COVID-19 headlines or subject lines.  In fact, a recent report by ZDNet highlighted the new threat that is evolving where attackers are looking to directly exploit the COVID-19 pandemic in various ways.

In Italy, which has been extremely hard hit by the COVID-19 outbreak, attackers are targeting users with Italian email addresses with messages claiming to be from the World Health Organization (WHO). In the email, attackers have attached a legitimate document from WHO, however, they are also dropping a Trojan on the end user’s machine that steals banking information and also turns the end-user computer into a bot that can be used in widespread cyber attacks.

Attackers are also targeting corporate environments with emails supposedly from contractors or delivery agencies noting how their services will be adjusted during the pandemic. Thinking the emails are legitimate again, corporate end users can be enticed to click on the attachment that drops malware on their system.

Other low-level scams have emerged using SPAM emails claiming to have a cure for the Coronavirus or asking for money or financial information for imparting the so-called medical advice.  Users who disclose their financial information will, of course, have that information compromised by the attacker.

In an apparent foreign state attack, the U.S. Health Agency was hit amid the COVID-19 outbreak.  Foreign state attackers have apparently been using directed attacks to disrupt and spread misinformation during the current pandemic.

As it turns out the risk from COVID-19 is not just a physical virus infecting individuals, it has been the catalyst that cybercriminals are using in 2020 in a large way to infect both unsuspecting end-users as well as organizations alike.

In addition to the cyber attacks directly related to COVID-19, attackers are still using many of the common categories of cybersecurity threats they have used in recent years to attack end-users and your organization in 2020.  What are the various types of cyber security threats and how are they classified?

The Ultimate Guide to Big Data Automation Testing

A group of large data sets that cannot be processed using traditional computing techniques is known a Big Data. In the processing of Big Data various tools, techniques and frameworks are involved. Data creation, storage, retrieval, and analysis are related to big data which is outstanding in terms of volume, diversity, and rate.

Rather than testing the individual features of the software product testing Big Data application is more of a verification of its data processing. Performance and functional testing are the keys to Big Data testing.Testing

Verification of successful processing of terabytes of data using commodity cluster and other supportive components is done by engineering in Big Data Automation testing. As the processing is quite fast, high level of testing skills are required. Adding to this, in big data testing, data quality also plays an important role. Before you test the application, it is crucial to check the data quality as it is a part of the database testing. Various traits such as conformity, accuracy, duplication, consistency, validity, data completeness, etc are also involved.

Big Data Testing can be categorized into three stages:

Step 1: Data Staging Validation

The first stage of big data testing is also known as a Pre-Hadoop stage which comprises of process validation.

  1. Validation of data is very important so that the data collected from various source like RDBMS, weblogs etc is verified and then added to the system.
  2. To ensure data match you should compare source data with the data added to the Hadoop system.
  3. Make sure that the right data is taken out and loaded into the accurate HDFS location

Step 2: “Map Reduce” Validation

Validation of “Map Reduce” is the second stage. Business logic validation on every node is performed by the tester. Post that authentication is done by running them against multiple nodes, to make sure that the:

  • The process of Map Reduce works perfectly.
  • On the data, the data aggregation or segregation rules are imposed.
  • Creation of key-value pairs is there.
  • After the Map-Reduce process, Data validation is done.

Step 3: Output Validation Phase

The output validation process is the final or third stage involved in big data testing. The output data files are created and they are ready to be moved to an EDW (Enterprise Data Warehouse) or any other such system as per requirements. The third stage consisted of:

  • Checking on the transformation rules are accurately applied.
  • In the target system, it needs to ensure that data is loaded successfully and the integrity of data is maintained.
  • By comparing the target data with the HDFS file system data, it is checked that there is no data corruption.

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Big Data Automation testing: The Profound Types

Architecture Testing:

By Hadoop, very large volumes of data are processed and are extremely resource intensive. Thus architectural testing is important to make sure the success of the Big Data project. If the system is improper or poorly designed it may result in performance degradation, and the end needs will not be met. So the Performance and Fail-Over test services should be practiced in a Hadoop environment.

Testing of job completion time, memory utilization, data throughput and similar system metrics is a part of performance testing. The main aim of the failover test service is to find out that data processing occurs flawlessly in the situation of failure of data nodes

Performance Testing:

For Big Data, performance testing includes the following:

  • Data Ingestion and Throughout:  The tester verifies at this stage how the fast system can get through data from various data source. Identifying different message that the queue can process in a given time frame is involved in testing. It also comprises of how swiftly data can be inserted into a fundamental data store for example Rate of insertion into Mongo and Cassandra database.
  • Data Processing:  In this, the speed is verified with which the queries or map reduce jobs are performed. Testing the data processing in isolation when the underlying data store is occupied within the data sets are also included in this. For example, the running of Map Reduce jobs on the underlying HDFS.
  • Sub-Component Performance:  Multiple components are used for making these systems and it is vital to test each of these components in separation. For example, how swiftly message is indexed and consumed, map reduce jobs, query performance, search and so on.

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Big Data Testing: The Real Importance

Big Data Automation Testing helps one to find out that the data in hand is qualitative, precise and healthy. The data collected from a number of sources and channels is confirmed which helps in further decision making. Big Data Testing is quite important as there are a number of reasons for the same. Given below is the list of them.

1. Better Decision Making

When data goes into the hands of the genuine people, it becomes a positive feature. So when you get the right kind of data with yourself, it will be a great aid to make sound decisions. It helps in analyzing all kind of risks and only the data that contribute to the decision-making process is made in use.

2. Data Accuracy

The data which is to be analyzed should be found and then you should convert the data into a structured format before it can be mined. Having the right kind of data is a blessing for the businesses as it helps in the concentration of weak areas and prepares people to beat the competition.

3. Better Strategy and Enhanced Market Goals

With the use of Big Data you can have better decision making a strategy or automate the decision making process. All the validated data should be collected, analyzed, understand the user behavior and make sure that all of them is present in the software testing process so you can find out something when required. By looking at the information, you can optimize business strategies by using big data test.

4. Increased Profit and Reduced Loss

If the data is precisely analyzed then the loss in business will be minimal. If the collected data is of poor quality, the business will go through huge losses. Valuable data from structured and semi-structured information should be isolated so that no mistakes take place when there is customer dealing.

Why is it so crucial to building an online Community

Building an online community is as vital as hiring a remote worker. Sustaining in any business is demanding and to keep the employees motivated, online community plays a huge role. Any online community is a platform where everybody in the company can interact with each other.


In Layman’s term, we can say to get connected with each other. However, being a remote worker looks very fancy from far and it is in many ways. But sometimes the potential employees feel isolated and therefore it is very crucial to keep them encouraged.  So, there are some steps that need to take care of while building an online community.


Choose a platform: The first and foremost instrument is to choose a platform where members can get connected with each other. Specifically, the newbies who are the young talent and it is very necessary to keep them motivated. And making sure they can bond with their colleagues. When young talent and experienced professionals meet, wonders happen. They can share their common interests, work strategies, etc. There is an app called Slack where members can join by signing up and can easily start the interaction.

Minimizes misunderstanding: The second instrument which is difficult to avoid. However, Misunderstanding is something which can come up in anything be it is business, relationships. Therefore, online communities are built to reduce them to the minimum. As it is the easiest way to fetch the information to the members of the community. So they can share their ideas and views about that information. This will help not only to bring professionalism but giving a path of team spirit.

Providing the launching map: Be it is newbies or the experienced professionals’ everybody wants their profit. Ultimately everybody in this world wants their personal gain so to make it very clear in the starting itself and giving all sort of information. So that they are gaining this thing in this online community. Therefore, the opportunities and professional connections, motivation, and skills should be highlighted.

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Ethics and Moral Values:

While building an online community, there are many case studies where members get insulted and defamed. So, there should be a set of rules and regulations that needs to follow in the community and to maintain the morality of the community a proper employee should be given the responsibility. And moreover, if any person who tries to defaming others, can result in termination.

A big no to sluggish views: An online community is strictly for professional information and meetings. And anybody has no right to make any irrelevant view that has no relation with the company. And it is very important to understand the sensitivity of the community. Where people who are skillful and working towards perfection. Therefore, there is no space for sluggish comments and views.

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Taking Charge: Hiring a manager for a community is good for the health of the community as well as for the members. A manager can sort the members from the most active members to the least active members. And giving them points on the basis of information and actively participating in the online community. It is very important for the community that a good chunk of people should actively participate.

Managing members:e When online communities manage by some rock-solid manager then it will be very easy to keep a track record and it will help in building the connections between the people. The manager should introduce the strategies that need to follow with passion and determination. It is really important that the manager should take care of and keep an eye on the community.

Planning to build a career in a Remote Team?

Planning A remote Team, known to be the one who doesn’t have any physical appearance at any office or any workspace. It is necessary to maintain a healthy relationship with your remote team to keep them encouraged and willing to work.

This kind of work environment is just being possible with the advent of modern technology and new media. Without which the idea of having remote teams would be a waste. In the past, days of a normal office routine in which a person, supposed to wake up, pack his office lunch, leave for the same routine every day.


But with the incoming of remote teams, people can work from wherever they want and according to their convenience of time.

This is a generation in which people are working from home or any co-working spaces in which they can work according to their full comfort. Co-working spaces can be anywhere whether it can be a step away from your home or on the other side of the globe.

You will be shocked to know that companies with no office, who are working even remotely are making huge profits in the market. Just the thing they need to take care of is to maintain a positive environment and good relations with its employees.

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Blessing of working Remotely:

Are you working remotely? Well, there are a lot of benefits you should be knowing to work as a remote worker.

  1. Save commuting expenses

Commuting expenses eating up all your salary

Your total salary is not yours fully, a part of it is always spent on traveling to your office. You should not be ask about being reaching late at the office or about your absenteeism.

If you work remotely then you will save a lot of traveling expenses as you just have to sit back and comfortably do your work while being on your couch.

2. Increment in Productivity

Being productive is what a boss any day needs

Working remotely can increase your productivity by making you flexible of working whenever you feel like.

Also, it is that working in a noisy environment can disrupt the thinking skills of people and can hamper their productive skills but when it comes to working in a remote environment, people tend to work in an environment where they can focus on their projects well and can meet their deadlines.

3. Technology being use properly

Make proper use of technology

In today’s scenario, people are making the use of the available technologies to the fullest. One thing that should be in mind while you being a remote worker that you need to make proper use of technology.

So, if it is your smartphones or the good Wi-Fi connections, everything to be well set if you choose to be a remote worker.

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Pitfalls of working in a remote environment

  1. Mis-communication

Be a good listener

Mis-communication is a problem which can occur while you are working in a remote environment. It is possible that a person may or may not understand your point just because of a poor network connection.

It can be possible that you are explaining something important and meanwhile, the connection gets lost. In this case, you need to give them a written work so that they can read it and understand it.

2. Linguistic Problems Know your language

Know your language

Linguistic problems can also be problematic. It can occur when you hired a person whose language is different and you need to communicate some task to him/her.

In this case, if you really want to keep that employee because of his experience then you can hire a translator who can communicate in both the languages. These were some of the points which need to be cleared while you are planning to hire remote workers.

Remote IT Jobs: New trend in employment

Remote IT jobs, just like any other remote work, is flourishing very rapidly. Several companies have decided to include part-time and full-time remote workers in their community. Consequently, this is going to be the “norm” in the future, that is, remote jobs are going to increase.


Hence, let’s have a glimpse of what to expect in the upcoming months.


All thanks to the young adult population. They were born in the digital era, so essentially they are more comfortable with remote work tools than the older generations. Plus more people are willing to take up remote jobs. Hence, there is fierce competition in this field.

Experts predict that young adults will increase in the remote IT workspace by 32% by 2020.

In a nutshell, remote IT jobs favor the current generation. They are ready to strive extra and flexible work hours and get out of their comfort zone becoming digital nomads.

This means that tech-savvy candidates stand a higher chance of getting recruited than those who have basic technology skills. Advanced digital skills are essential for anyone. Make yourself stand out with a specialization in something. Niche talent is always considered for hire.

So, the next time you read between the lines of your job description, you have to show the hiring managers the expertise they are looking for. Tweak your resume to fit it to the job profile. Furthermore, companies will attract candidates by promising them a good work-life balance.

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Work-life balance of employees

Nowadays, employees give more importance to work-life balance than career perks like salary and job security. If you spend too much time at work than your social life, a remote IT job may be the right fit for you.

Employee engagement

Since remote workers may feel isolated while working alone, it is important for the employer to make them feel connected and involved. Especially when the whole team is working at the company’s headquarters.

Happy developers tend to be more productive and consistent. So companies have to pay more attention to cultivating a community for remote team members. This can be achieved by arranging quarterly meetings, weekly video check-ins, career mentoring, and skill development in groups of people.

This way companies can help remote workers feel more connected with the team. Also, raising a sense of social involvement and employees feel better. Since they don’t have to shift to expensive cities, you will notice a lot of people moving to downtown metros and small cities.

Upliftment of rural areas

Rural areas often lose talent to their urban counterparts. Due to this, there is a lot of up-down economies and people in small towns are economically depressed. But in the future, they will get work easily. For that to happen, the revitalization of rural areas has to be done.

The advantages of living in small towns are that the rent is cheaper and there is no issue of commuting to work.

Sensitive data security

People are choosing remote jobs because they allow you to work from home. But as more people have started doing this, they don’t get the security of a robust IT department protecting the company and employees’ data.

Corporate cybersecurity attacks and data breaches will be more common in the future, given the technology boom. Companies need to be precautious. They should enforce rules about where sensitive data can be accessed by in-house and remote employees. Companies may put some restrictions on the employees’ systems to lower their risk.

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Businesses related to remote IT jobs

The business of providing people the best remote work experience has shot up. For instance, coworking places and online courses/certifications are all a huge business now. Many smart and budding entrepreneurs have entered this field.

These businesses will greatly help people enter into the remote world without any experience.

Money management

The newest generation of workers wants to stay in the workforce as long as possible. They are less interested in working 80+ hours a week. Rather, they want to work part-time and continue their retirement savings.

Moreover, they are much tech-aware than their parents. They already know the basics of smartphones and laptops, all they need is some expert training.

Should you take up a remote IT job?

Ultimately, it depends on you. You have to analyze which type of work ethic suits you the best. Are you comfortable going to the office every day, or would you rather work from home? Besides, 2019 and the future is the best time to start a career in remote work.

Software Development Life Cycle: Everything About SDLC

Software Development Life Cycle is the process that produces software with the lowest cost and highest quality in the shortest span of time. SDLC is a process that consists of a detailed plan describing all the details regarding how to develop, maintain, and replace/alter specific software. It is the methodology used to improve the quality of software and also improving the overall development process.


We can say, SDLC or the Software Development Life Cycle is a process that produces software with the highest quality and lowest cost in the shortest time. SDLC includes a detailed plan for how to develop, alter, maintain, and replace a software system

SDLC tries to improve the quality of software development and tries to shorten the production time, it also works on minimizing the cost of software development. SDLC achieves all these goals by creating a plan that removes all the pitfalls under software development projects.

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Stages Of Software Development Programme

Following are the Stages of SDLC they ensure that the process is working in a smooth, efficient, and productive way:

1. Identify. The first step under the software development program is to identify the current problem. To ask a question “What don’t we want?” “What don’t we want?” This stage of SDLC means getting input from all stakeholders like customers, employees, programmers, etc.

2. Plan/Requirement. The next step under SDLC is to plan, it involves asking “What do we want?”. At this stage, the team defines the requirements of new software and also analyze the cost required for it.

It also details the risks involved and provides sub-plans for softening those risks. At this stage, a Software Requirement Specification document is created. Planning related to quality assurance and risks associated is also done at the initial stages. Various technical approaches are studied and followed to implement the project successfully.

Minimum risk is taken into consideration. The next step is to clearly define the product requirements. Later approval is taken from a customer or through market analysis. All this is generally done by using the SRS (Software Requirement Specification) document which holds all the requirements of the project and is designed and developed during the project life cycle.

3. Design. The next step under the Software Development Life Cycle is designing and answering “How will we get what we want?” This phase of SDLC includes changing the software specifications into a framework called Data Specification. Feedback and suggestions from all the stakeholders are then received.

It’s important to have a plan for collecting and incorporating stakeholder input into this document. Any loopholes at this stage will result in collapsing of the whole project. Generally, more than one design approach for the product architecture is offered and recorded in a DDS – Design Document Specification.

4.Build/Development. Now we will build what we have decided, answer to “Let’s create what we want.” All the actual coding is done at this stage of SDLC for building software. This is the least complicated step if all the previous steps have been followed with attention. Developers are required to follow the coding guidelines defined by their companies

Tools like compilers, interpreters, debuggers, etc. are used to generate the code. High-level programming languages such as C, Java, PHP, C++, Pascal are also used for coding. The programming language is chosen on the basis of the type of software being developed

5. Test. The next step under the Software Development Life Cycle is to Test “Did we get what we want?” At this stage, we test for defects and deficiencies. Later after detecting we try to fix all the issues until the product meets the actual specifications.

6. Deploy. “Let’s start using what we got.” This step involves feedback from mobile users, who are the end users. Depending on their feedback changes and adjustments are made. Often, this part of the SDLC process happens in a limited way at first. Depending on feedback from end users, more adjustments can be made. Software tested is released in the relevant market. Sometimes as per the requirements the product can be released in some specific market before final launch.

7. Maintain. Phases of Software Development life cycle includes another step that is to Maintain or like “Let’s get this closer to what we want.” It’s not so easy for the plan to turn out to be perfect when it runs in reality. Further, as real life conditions are different, we need to advance and update the software. After the product is released in the market, its maintenance is done for the existing customer base.

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Now let’s discuss different software development life cycle Models. These are also known as Software Development Process Models. Each model follows unique steps in the process of software development.

Following are some major SDLC models which are followed in the Industry:

  • Waterfall Model
  • Iterative Model
  • Spiral Model
  • V-Model
  • Big Bang Model

1.Waterfall Model

Waterfall Model was the first SDLC Model used in Software Engineering which confirms the success of the project. In this Model whole framework of software development is divided into different phases. The result of one phase acts as the input of the next phase sequentially.

The following illustration is a representation of the different phases of the Waterfall Model:

Requirement Gathering and analysis

System Design


Integration and Testing

Deployment of system


Waterfall Model – Application

Every Software developed is unique and it requires the most appropriate SDLC approach based on different external and internal factors. Some examples where the use of Waterfall model is most suitable are −

  • Well documented clear and fixed requirements.
  • Stable product definition.
  • Stage Technology
  • No ambiguous requirements.
  • Adequate resources.
  • Short Project.

2.Iterative Model

This model begins with the most simple implementation of a subset of the requirements of the software and later enhances all the evolving versions until the full system is implemented. Design Modifications are made at each iteration, and simultaneously new functional capabilities are added. This method tries to develop a system through repeated cycles in small time.

Iterative Model Application

This model is most often used in the following situations −

  • Clearly defined and understood requirements.
  • Some functionalities or requested enhancements may evolve with time.
  • Time available to the market constraint.
  • Development team aware of new opportunities.
  • Some high-risk features and goals which may change in the near future.

3.Spiral Model

This model tries to combine the idea of systematic aspects of iterative development. This model is the combination of the iterative development process and the sequential linear development model. This model puts a very high emphasis on risk analysis.

Spiral Model Design

Identification, Design, Construct or Build, Evaluation and Risk Analysis.

Spiral Model Application

  • Budget Constraints and risk involved.
  • Medium to High-Risk projects.
  • Potential changes to economic factors.
  • Uncertainty in the customer requirements.
  • Complex requirements.


The V-model is an SDLC model where the processing of all the steps happens in a sequential manner typically in V-shape. This model is also known as the Verification and Validation model.

This model is actually the extension of the waterfall model. Each phase in the development cycle is directly associated with the testing phase. This model is highly disciplined and the next phases start only after the previous stage gets completed.

V- Model Application

This model is somewhat the same as the waterfall model. The waterfall model too is a sequential type. In order to get successful results, the requirements of the project should be clearly discussed as it would be very expensive to restart the project from very initial phases.

Most suitable scenarios to use the V-Model application are where:

  • Requirements are well defined, clearly documented and fixed.
  • Stable product definition.
  • Not so Dynamic technology.
  • No ambiguous or undefined requirements.
  • Short Project.

5.The Big Bang Model

Here in this model, we do not follow any specific process. The development process starts with the required funds and efforts as inputs, and the output is software developed, which may or may not be as per the requirements of the customers. Very little planning is required for this software development model as it does not follow any specific procedure and process. Usually, this model is followed for small projects where the development teams are very small.

Big Bang Model Design and Application

The Big Bang Model includes focusing all the resources in coding and software development, where little or no planning is required. The requirements are implemented as they appear. Any changes done will not affect the whole project. This model is good for small, academic or practice projects. It is also good for projects where one or two developers are working together. It is also ideal to use in the situation where the release date is not confirmed.

Every iteration involves cross-functional teams working simultaneously on various areas like −

  • Planning
  • Requirements Analysis
  • Design
  • Coding
  • Unit Testing and
  • Acceptance Testing.

Benefits Of SDLC

The highest level of management control and documentation can be achieved by doing SDLC correctly. It helps developers to understand what they should build and why. All the associated parties get involved and agree upon common goals and can get a clear plan for achieving that goal. It also helps all the parties involved in understanding all the costs and resources required.

Helping to Solve the Java Expert Shortage

The high demand for expert Java developers for enterprise software development projects has led to a highly competitive marketplace with rates that are continually creeping upward. It’s a basic supply and demand problem that we sought to address for our clients using a method almost unheard of today amongst our competitors – investing in people. While other providers look to hire skill sets, we look to hire people with the right attitude, cultural fit, and potential knowing that the right training program can deliver the level and kind of skills our clients expect.


Members of our enterprise advisory team, who are actively working as developers themselves and have real-world experience, are responsible for the training program. They developed and regularly update the training curriculum, teach classes, and provide individual trainee attention. This intensive program has been designed to nurture our next generation of technical specialists and arm them with in-depth knowledge. We believe in taking a hands-on approach to guiding and supporting staff in writing superior, tight code using the latest technologies.

The Java training program primarily focuses on developing and mentoring novices who have a basic knowledge of Java; however, all new staff goes through it to ensure consistent results for clients. New staff members are assigned to a Java mentor to help guide them through their studies and answer questions as they are taught on and exposed to live projects. At the end of the training period, new staff members are assigned to a team for further mentoring. They are then placed on software projects for clients equipped with superior skills to deliver quality results consistent with QAT Global standards.

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Since our enterprise advisory team manages the training materials, we can easily adapt our training to fit the client’s architecture and standards or customize them to maximize classroom time as needed.

The result is that new team members are equipped with the technical know-how, hands-on experience, and functional expertise that would typically take them several years to acquire, including:

Enterprise Development methodology:

We expose novice Java developers to real-world enterprise-grade development principles and technologies. We first equip them with know-how and quickly move them into the live projects along with experienced developers and then guide them as they learn the ropes on the job.

Writing Online Transactions:

We teach trainee developers to write heavy-duty online transactions using current technologies.

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Database experience:

Trainees learn to write complex queries, stored procedures, triggers, and packages in large database environments. These exercises provide them with end to end exposure to the enterprise software development environment.

Integration is essential:

getting applications to talk to each other and building applications on top of existing products. We teach modern integration methodologies.

Mobile enablement:

Most applications today are incomplete without a mobile interface. Trainees learn application development on mobile frameworks with OS-agnostic deployment on phones and mobile devices.

Functional / Domain knowledge:

We have several years of experience in various functional domains. We transfer practical and technical expertise in fields like Energy, Logistics, Finance, and Government to our staff.

Job Costing: What is it and What do you Need to Know?

Job costing is defined as “the accumulation of the costs of materials, labor, and overhead for a specific job. This approach is an excellent tool for tracing specific costs to individual jobs and examining them to see if the costs can be reduced in later jobs.”

Most businesses do not produce just one product or offer one service. Rather, the different product and service offerings within a given company combine to affect the overall financial situation of the business. While solid revenue streams and quarterly profit statements are important indicators of financial health for a business, discovering the success or failure of individual elements within the company can give a more detailed and comprehensive view of where the company is excelling and what aspects of the business need to be adjusted.

Job Costing

Traditionally, job costing has been related to the manufacturing industry where companies can use this accounting apparatus to accumulate and evaluate costs at smaller unit levels. For example, a construction company that makes pre-fab houses might use job costing software to determine the profitability of each different part of the building or home that is being constructed in the warehouse. This detailed cost-effectiveness analysis would allow the pre-fab construction firm to find how to further cut costs for each element of the final product. This, of course, positively impacts in the overall profitability of the homes being constructed.

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Benefits of Job Costing Software for Businesses

According to one recent report, 40 percent of small businesses are profitable, 30 percent break even, while another 30 percent are continually losing money. For businesses that are just breaking even or losing money, job costing software can allow managers, accountants, and other key players in a company to specifically calculate the profit earned on individual jobs and tasks within the company. For a small business that financially broken even last year, discerning which elements of the company need to be remodeled or removed is often guesswork.

A detailed set of reports provided by job costing software, however, would remove the speculation associated with how to improve the financial viability of a business venture.
For example, a small company developing different computer software might find that one of their products is generating 150 percent profit margins while another is actually losing money. This data can help managers and business owners better ascertain which specific tasks and jobs should continue to be pursued as the company moves forward.

Another advantage of integrating job costing software into your accounting or finance department is that this software is easily integrated with other digital solutions for your business. Many job costing software programs are easily combined with traditional payroll software options such as QuickBooks.

Furthermore, job costing can also be merged with time and attendance tracking software. For businesses in the service industry, this merger of software products can give thorough data relating to which members of your workforce actively participate in jobs and business tasks that are most profitable. With this information, managers and HR personnel can devise workforce policies that stimulate increased productivity and profitability, while also making decisions on the optimum number of employees needed for business tasks.

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Key Features 

There are dozens of different job costing options on the market today. The best software for your business will obviously depend on the industry you work in and the specific needs for your company. In general, however, the best job costing software products should include some of the following features:

  • Purchase order processing: This feature will give you immediate allocation of orders to jobs for up to date projected cost figures.
  • Integration with payroll and other software products: Thesystem allows managers to record direct labor and expense costs for a complete digitalization of the workplace.
  • Customizable Analysis: Every business is different and this feature will allow managers and business owners to categorize individual jobs by project manager, type of work or other criteria.
  • Interactive and Easy to Use Data Reports: Lastly, the best job costing solution should also deliver succinct financial summary reports that will make it easy to discover where profit is being earned and where losses are accumulating.

Job costing software is yet another tool associated with the digitalization of the workplace. When used correctly, this software option can increase the long-term profitability of any business.

What are the Different types of Virtual Assistant Services?

Virtual Assistant is an administrative service for startup and large enterprises to expand the business. Before you hire somebody, you have to know what kind of services you need from them. Depending on the nature of your profession, there are different types of VA’s who can help you keep up with the organizational demands.


Here some of the different types of virtual assistant that can be classified according to the various specialty they belong:

What Is a Virtual Assistant?

A virtual assistant is commonly self-employed and offers professional administrative assistant, creative assistant and technical assistant to the client remotely from a home office. Virtual assistant generally provides services to entrepreneur and online business from a remote location.

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Types of Virtual Assistant Service

There are mainly 8 types of virtual assistant services

  • Social Media Virtual Assistant

  • Real estate virtual assistant

  • Virtual research assistant

  • Virtual administrative assistant

  • E-Commerce virtual assistant

  • Data entry virtual assistant

  • Virtual bookkeeping assistant

  • Virtual marketing assistant

Virtual Administrative Assistant

Commonly known as General Virtual Assistants. These VA’s are like your office managers. The only variance is that they are employed in their homes plus they can’t make a snack or coffee for you. Most busy business holders cannot keep up with all the difficulties in their industry, therefore, it is greatest to delegate the task. They can aid you to manage your communications and calendars, make information and presentations, lists, and many others, thus enable your emphasis on the core responsibilities of your business.

Social Media Marketing

Marketing your industry is very significant to increase customers. Hiring a social media expert is a great method to promote your business online. It is significant for companies nowadays to keep up with the newest trends for their goods and services to be visible and be identified. By contracting the services of social media dealers, they can support you broadcast your business though saving you from classy advertising payments. These experts can succeed in the company’s Facebook pages, Twitter, Pinterest LinkedIn, and other social media websites in the online world.

Blog Management

You may consider that there’s nothing much to do when you’re blogging. Your impartial type your thoughts away, and then you hit publish, right? That may be the case when you’re blogging as a hobby.

But when blogging develops a business, there are quite a few touching parts to keep track of behindhand the scenes. A good blog administrator starts by hitting together an editorial calendar. That way, your customer doesn’t have to struggle for a post idea at the last minute.

Customer Service

This task is a mainly crucial one to outsource to a VA, especially if allocating with customs is eating up a good chunk of the time a solopreneur could use to generate products or facilities or even manipulate for their business.
Gina covers this topic in-depth on our blog. Be sufficient it to say, here are a lot of details why outsourcing customer service makes a lot of sense, together with from a specialized as well as an individual point of view.

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Real Estate Virtual Assistant

These are management assistants who offer services and support to real estate professionals. Most Filipino online employees offer these types of services to the US, Australia, UK and New Zealand. Real estate professionals delegate most of the managerial tasks to their VA’s so that they can effort on selling more properties. Sideways from doing administrative works, they can also be the share of the sales support crew – apart from doing the searching, lead generation, database management to term a few. These real estate assistants are an agent’s and cost-effective method because they can now give more attention to their patrons and the home team’s requirements.

Lead Generation

If your customer’s business is sales-intensive, they will need somebody to take over the very inefficient task of making potential leads. If your client is in real estate, for instance, it would be an excess of their time to make useless leads that have no tactics of severe their services anytime soon. As a lead group virtual assistant, you have to be planned about how you do it and who contact.

Virtual Bookkeepers

These are the economic virtual assistants who help you achieve the cash flow of your business. By hiring an experienced and trusted expert, you don’t have to pressure about payroll processing and other financial areas of your business. Before commending accounting tasks to them, create sure they have the right skills and accepting – this is to avoid imprecisions. This is the common types of virtual assistant services for all business.

Basic Website Maintenance

You don’t have to be a programmer or a skilled at building websites to call by hand a WordPress virtual assistant. Websites usually start all nice and glossy, with little content and streamlined pages. As the website maintenance over time, so does the disorder. When your client’s website develops clunky, slow and unintuitive to use, that’s when you can stage in.

Product Launch

This type of virtual assistants focusses on online business that launch new product or new ideas. They also understand sales funnels and do all for a positive launch. They develop their idea and that is to deliver you with all-around and outstanding service while applying team strength and best skills.

E-Commerce Virtual Assistant

e-Commerce virtual assistant is very effective for all businesses With the development of industries has enhanced the capacity of e-commerce businessmen as well. Now, they want to be more hostile in their hard work to enlarge their contestants.

Setting Up Sales Funnels

Sales funnels are the best way to turn book worm into subscribers, convert subscribers into paying customs and turn one-time purchasers into recurring customers and fans. Funnels are complex to set up, but once done properly, they’ll carry in a lot of business for your client.


Hiring a trained and well skilled virtual assistant is one of the cleverest changes you can do for your business. By exploiting their potentials, they can certainly contribute towards increasing your business.

How to Run an Agile Retrospective Meeting?

Agile Retrospective is a formality held at the end of individually Sprint where team members together analyze how things pass away in order to expand the process for the following Sprint.


Agile Retrospective

An Agile retrospective is a conference that’s conducted after an iteration in Agile software development (ASD). Through the retrospective, the team imitates on what occurred in the iteration and finds actions for development going forward.

Agile Retrospective Steps

Set Stage: Involves set up of the meeting by the organizer (PM., scrum master, etc.) and transfers a meeting request to all the essential team members and leaders.

Gather Data: Once the meeting begins, collect all the thoughts, opinions, anxieties that the team associates might have. This can be complete via many agile retrospective meeting like Start, Stop, and Continue, Paint Me image, etc.

Close: Thank the team for their time and their contribution. Make sure that the conference discussion and act points are documented and distributed to the team members for easy reference.

Generate Insights: After the information is gathered, expressive analytics have to be recognized and designs have to be formed. The idea is to find tendencies and resolve them. If the team followers are unfortunate about the long regular stand-ups then we have to figure out what is producing this. It could be dissimilar discussions, the lateness of the team followers, the improbable time set up that does not put up the number of updates, etc.

Create Actions: Once the fundamental issues are recognized, create action ideas to resolve them. Action ideas should be allocated to a responsible person who will be in charge of resolution by the definite due date.

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Agile Retrospective Meeting Principles

> Sprint Planning meeting

> Daily Stand-up

> Sprint Review

> Sprint Retrospective

Running the Play

Project sets can run this at the end of the particular sprint, or go somewhat extensive. Check-in with the full-time holder to see if there are any exact items, they’d like you to cover. Service teams can check in with a superintendent or executive

Why Should You Run A Sprint Retrospective?

If you’re working some sort of agile method, prospects are the sprint retrospective is earlier part of your repetitive. Ironically, routine strength is an issue that some manufacture teams face. Often, groups can fall into their rhythm, and vital formalities like the sprint retrospective meeting can become so run-of-the-mill that groups aren’t using them to their planned advantage.

Start, Stop and Continue

One of the most up-front ways to run a Retrospective is the Start, Stop, Continue exercise. All you essential is a graphic board with “Start,” “Stop,” and “Continue” posts and a load of sticky records. In each development, people write their notes about the Agile as they tell the following types:

Start: Movements we should start taking

Stop: Activities we should stop or remove

Continue: Activities we should keep liability and formalize

Incorporate Novelty

Another method is to incorporate games & other changing strategies into your sprint retrospectives. Pick one that creates the maximum sense for your team or project period, and be definite to run through it at smallest once beforehand so you’re familiar. These can be entertaining, active, and creative but only when the implementer is ready! One of my choices is the LEGO Retrospective.

Make It Action-Oriented

Most just, but perhaps most prominently, make sure you’re assigning anything actionable to somebody on the team. They don’t all want to fall on the project manager. They shouldn’t. The conversation can be as productive and helpful as possible, but the ripples will not be felt except the change is applied across the team. Keep a list visible for everyone to see, and create sure that prospects and limits are set.

Change Things

A specific retro can feel excessive to air out feelings, to derive up with some effects your team can try, to talk about things that aren’t working. But don’t disremember the purpose of retro: to mindfully repeat on the process. That means that you want to do the action items you wrote down. Nothing executes team morale fairly similar consuming the same old cache come up again and do not anything to fix it.

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After enough ideas have been made, have team associates vote for the most significant item or items. It’s frequently clear when it’s period to do this because the thoughts have died down and new ideas are not pending very quickly.

The Next Retrospective

In the next retrospective, I propose the ScrumMaster carry the list of ideas produced at the earlier retrospective–both the ideas selected to be worked on and those not. These can help jump-start conversation for the afterward retrospective. I tend to write them on a huge sheet of paper and tape it to the wall deprived of any fanfare or argument. The items are just there if the team wants them or wants to refer to them. I then simplify a new start, stop, continue the discussion.

Amplify the Good

Retrospectives are integrally destined for finding ways to develop your work. Safe spaces stand-in open discussion, which is great, but open discussion of the wrong nature can lead to finger-pointing, which assesses people instead of the work. If bogged down in what persons did or didn’t do, your retro will quickly become somewhat your team dreads.

Create Clear Actions

This point rates to attitude alone since uncertain movements are perhaps the major sticking point in retrospective meeting. Whenever someone criticizes, they don’t see the value in these meetings, their prevention can almost always be traced back to miscommunication.

Don’t Jump to A Decision

Specialists say smart decisions result from two types of reasoning processes: instinctive and rational. It’s important to follow the instinct to a point. If the result doesn’t get the team excited, they probably won’t create it effectively. But like root cause analysis, decision-making should be scientific and entrenched in facts and that’s where practical plans can help.


There are several other Retrospective plans and activities you can use to expand these meetings. If your team starts to drop into a channel using one format, change to another or alter structures of your existing format. Small changes like beating all cards on the panel at once vs. going all over the place the room one at a period can be enough to re-spark commitment. Keep things interesting, and don’t be terrified to try new preparations just since they don’t have the same features as your old one.

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