Tag: software development

The Best Coding Tips For Programmers

Coding is one of the most critical aspects of web and software development. It would be not entirely wrong to coin it as the soul of a web development project. All the functionalities and features of a web application are controlled by codes written for each function. Whether you provide PHP web application development.Net developmentJava web development or any other web development services, you will be required to write code for each and every one.

coding

However, it has been observed that most amateur developers (even some experienced ones) tend to write their code without thinking much. This kind of impulsive coding is not considered appropriate for developing quality solutions. Mentioned below are some of the best coding tips and practices for all web application development professionals.

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Avoid Rewriting The Code And Try To Rework It: Most of the developers find it easier and appealing to just clean the system and start writing their own code based on the knowledge that they have gained till then. This might not be the best practice for writing code as there is another more effective and easier way of doing it. Try to work at one piece at a time. Understand them from inside and then change them right from the core. Try working on one piece at a time and you would do great.

Understand The Requirements Before You Start Typing: Even before you type a single line of code, it is required that you first understand everything about the solution. Make sure that you have grasped the idea correctly and could imagine exactly how the solution would work. It has been observed that most of the amateur developers end up creating poor solutions that do some part of the required function as they started working on the project without completely understanding the requirements.

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Start From Small And Then Build Upon It: Never jump upon complex solutions immediately. Programmers working in a software development company should understand that solutions are developed through simple ways and not by making things complex. Start with small things and then build upon them. It would be better to use iterative development methodology.

Evaluate Your Ideas By Consulting Experienced Developers: A developer having more experience than you in software development services is likely to have already came across the kind of situation that you are dealing with. Try out your ideas and concepts on such developers before you move forward with them. Further, search articles and blogs related to your project’s complexities in order to get proper information.

Coding of a web application development solution holds huge importance in the success or failure of a project. This makes it very important for developers to take it very seriously and conduct it with proper care.

Software Development Life Cycle: Everything About SDLC

Software Development Life Cycle is the process that produces software with the lowest cost and highest quality in the shortest span of time. SDLC is a process that consists of a detailed plan describing all the details regarding how to develop, maintain, and replace/alter specific software. It is the methodology used to improve the quality of software and also improving the overall development process.

Software

We can say, SDLC or the Software Development Life Cycle is a process that produces software with the highest quality and lowest cost in the shortest time. SDLC includes a detailed plan for how to develop, alter, maintain, and replace a software system

SDLC tries to improve the quality of software development and tries to shorten the production time, it also works on minimizing the cost of software development. SDLC achieves all these goals by creating a plan that removes all the pitfalls under software development projects.

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Stages Of Software Development Programme

Following are the Stages of SDLC they ensure that the process is working in a smooth, efficient, and productive way:

1. Identify. The first step under the software development program is to identify the current problem. To ask a question “What don’t we want?” “What don’t we want?” This stage of SDLC means getting input from all stakeholders like customers, employees, programmers, etc.

2. Plan/Requirement. The next step under SDLC is to plan, it involves asking “What do we want?”. At this stage, the team defines the requirements of new software and also analyze the cost required for it.

It also details the risks involved and provides sub-plans for softening those risks. At this stage, a Software Requirement Specification document is created. Planning related to quality assurance and risks associated is also done at the initial stages. Various technical approaches are studied and followed to implement the project successfully.

Minimum risk is taken into consideration. The next step is to clearly define the product requirements. Later approval is taken from a customer or through market analysis. All this is generally done by using the SRS (Software Requirement Specification) document which holds all the requirements of the project and is designed and developed during the project life cycle.

3. Design. The next step under the Software Development Life Cycle is designing and answering “How will we get what we want?” This phase of SDLC includes changing the software specifications into a framework called Data Specification. Feedback and suggestions from all the stakeholders are then received.

It’s important to have a plan for collecting and incorporating stakeholder input into this document. Any loopholes at this stage will result in collapsing of the whole project. Generally, more than one design approach for the product architecture is offered and recorded in a DDS – Design Document Specification.

4.Build/Development. Now we will build what we have decided, answer to “Let’s create what we want.” All the actual coding is done at this stage of SDLC for building software. This is the least complicated step if all the previous steps have been followed with attention. Developers are required to follow the coding guidelines defined by their companies

Tools like compilers, interpreters, debuggers, etc. are used to generate the code. High-level programming languages such as C, Java, PHP, C++, Pascal are also used for coding. The programming language is chosen on the basis of the type of software being developed

5. Test. The next step under the Software Development Life Cycle is to Test “Did we get what we want?” At this stage, we test for defects and deficiencies. Later after detecting we try to fix all the issues until the product meets the actual specifications.

6. Deploy. “Let’s start using what we got.” This step involves feedback from mobile users, who are the end users. Depending on their feedback changes and adjustments are made. Often, this part of the SDLC process happens in a limited way at first. Depending on feedback from end users, more adjustments can be made. Software tested is released in the relevant market. Sometimes as per the requirements the product can be released in some specific market before final launch.

7. Maintain. Phases of Software Development life cycle includes another step that is to Maintain or like “Let’s get this closer to what we want.” It’s not so easy for the plan to turn out to be perfect when it runs in reality. Further, as real life conditions are different, we need to advance and update the software. After the product is released in the market, its maintenance is done for the existing customer base.

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SDLC MODELS

Now let’s discuss different software development life cycle Models. These are also known as Software Development Process Models. Each model follows unique steps in the process of software development.

Following are some major SDLC models which are followed in the Industry:

  • Waterfall Model
  • Iterative Model
  • Spiral Model
  • V-Model
  • Big Bang Model

1.Waterfall Model

Waterfall Model was the first SDLC Model used in Software Engineering which confirms the success of the project. In this Model whole framework of software development is divided into different phases. The result of one phase acts as the input of the next phase sequentially.

The following illustration is a representation of the different phases of the Waterfall Model:

Requirement Gathering and analysis

System Design

Implementation

Integration and Testing

Deployment of system

Maintenance

Waterfall Model – Application

Every Software developed is unique and it requires the most appropriate SDLC approach based on different external and internal factors. Some examples where the use of Waterfall model is most suitable are −

  • Well documented clear and fixed requirements.
  • Stable product definition.
  • Stage Technology
  • No ambiguous requirements.
  • Adequate resources.
  • Short Project.

2.Iterative Model

This model begins with the most simple implementation of a subset of the requirements of the software and later enhances all the evolving versions until the full system is implemented. Design Modifications are made at each iteration, and simultaneously new functional capabilities are added. This method tries to develop a system through repeated cycles in small time.

Iterative Model Application

This model is most often used in the following situations −

  • Clearly defined and understood requirements.
  • Some functionalities or requested enhancements may evolve with time.
  • Time available to the market constraint.
  • Development team aware of new opportunities.
  • Some high-risk features and goals which may change in the near future.

3.Spiral Model

This model tries to combine the idea of systematic aspects of iterative development. This model is the combination of the iterative development process and the sequential linear development model. This model puts a very high emphasis on risk analysis.

Spiral Model Design

Identification, Design, Construct or Build, Evaluation and Risk Analysis.

Spiral Model Application

  • Budget Constraints and risk involved.
  • Medium to High-Risk projects.
  • Potential changes to economic factors.
  • Uncertainty in the customer requirements.
  • Complex requirements.

4.V-Model

The V-model is an SDLC model where the processing of all the steps happens in a sequential manner typically in V-shape. This model is also known as the Verification and Validation model.

This model is actually the extension of the waterfall model. Each phase in the development cycle is directly associated with the testing phase. This model is highly disciplined and the next phases start only after the previous stage gets completed.

V- Model Application

This model is somewhat the same as the waterfall model. The waterfall model too is a sequential type. In order to get successful results, the requirements of the project should be clearly discussed as it would be very expensive to restart the project from very initial phases.

Most suitable scenarios to use the V-Model application are where:

  • Requirements are well defined, clearly documented and fixed.
  • Stable product definition.
  • Not so Dynamic technology.
  • No ambiguous or undefined requirements.
  • Short Project.

5.The Big Bang Model

Here in this model, we do not follow any specific process. The development process starts with the required funds and efforts as inputs, and the output is software developed, which may or may not be as per the requirements of the customers. Very little planning is required for this software development model as it does not follow any specific procedure and process. Usually, this model is followed for small projects where the development teams are very small.

Big Bang Model Design and Application

The Big Bang Model includes focusing all the resources in coding and software development, where little or no planning is required. The requirements are implemented as they appear. Any changes done will not affect the whole project. This model is good for small, academic or practice projects. It is also good for projects where one or two developers are working together. It is also ideal to use in the situation where the release date is not confirmed.

Every iteration involves cross-functional teams working simultaneously on various areas like −

  • Planning
  • Requirements Analysis
  • Design
  • Coding
  • Unit Testing and
  • Acceptance Testing.

Benefits Of SDLC

The highest level of management control and documentation can be achieved by doing SDLC correctly. It helps developers to understand what they should build and why. All the associated parties get involved and agree upon common goals and can get a clear plan for achieving that goal. It also helps all the parties involved in understanding all the costs and resources required.

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